Prime Minister Francois Fillon has created the Interministerial Mission Etalab in February 2011 and set goals for him to coordinate the actions of government departments to enable the widest possible line of their public information and public data (aka "Open data").
The Open Data responds primarily to a desire for transparency in government. The open data can account for the action of the state and public institutions, it helps to enable citizens to evaluate public policies: it is a Democratic issue.
Etalab also aims to facilitate and encourage the widest possible reuse to participate in supporting innovation and the creation of innovative online services.
Etalab manage data.gouv.fr to make freely and easily accessible French public open data. To support the creation of new projects built with open data, Etalab federate a community of innovative startups and more than 30 major partners like Google, Microsoft, Orange, La Poste, Dassault System, SNCF